In the early days of Mongolian history, education was primarily provided by the religious and royal institutions. Buddhist monks gave basic education to boys in classes set up within the compounds of monasteries, while children of the royal household and from families of the nobility were educated in order to serve in the court and be hereditary.
After the victory of 1921 People’s Revolution was increased recognition of the need for educated people for the development of the country. As a result, the Mongolian education system was modernized and made more accessible to the general public. It| was strongly influenced by the former Soviet Union system and in which two educational paths were stipulated: the academic and the vocational
Before socialism in Mongolia, literacy was widespread in monasteries and for government officials. Informal skills were learnt at home and passed on through the family. Some children were taught a language to communicate with neighboring countries or were taught to recite Buddhist texts. Formal education was exclusive and selective.