Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ The Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has started measuring emissions of vehicles to identify their toxic contents. Some surveys show that 10 per cent of air pollution in Ulaanbaatar is caused by vehicle emissions. Therefore, the Minister of Road and Transportation Development issued an order to establish a working group in charge of studying air pollution, making conclusions and developing proposals on solving the problem. With a request by the working group and the Ministry of Environment and Tourism, the JICA team started the survey, experimentally placing Remote Sensing Device (RSD) nearby to the Bayanzurkh checkpoint on April 17.
The Remote Sensing Device (RSD) is a system that enables to individually measure the emissions of vehicles in motion (i.e. car, bus, truck, ship and train). Based on this technology, it is possible to create an inventory of the emission level of fleets and implement specific measures to improve the environment. RSD is placed at fixed locations or in mobile units to measure specific vehicle emissions using low-intensity infrared and ultraviolet beams. The device collects emissions data as vehicles are driven in normal everyday use without the need for a vehicle stop or even slow down.
The RSD system detects hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide and Oxides of Nitrogen. The data collected by the RSDs are used for a wide variety of high value applications focused on improving air quality and motor vehicle compliance. The recorded data generates an accurate snapshot of the traffic emission in a given timeline, allowing the creation of efficient mobility policies.