Parliament adopts Bill to ratify Amendment to the Montreal Protocol

2022-01-19 14:02:49

Ulaanbaatar/MONTSAME/. At its plenary meeting yesterday, January 18, the Mongolian Parliament approved a Bill on ratifying the Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

In 1996, Mongolia joined to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, and is now working to phase down the consumption of ozone depleting substances by establishing a registration and monitoring system.

Adopted on 15 September 1987, the Protocol regulates production and consumption of nearly 100 man-made chemicals referred to as ozone depleting substances (ODS). The Montreal Protocol phases down the consumption and production of the different ODS in a step-wise manner, with different timetables for developed and developing countries. To date, the Parties to the Protocol have phased out 99 percent of ODS globally compared to 1990 levels. 

At the 28th Meeting of the Parties on October 15, 2016 in Kigali, Rwanda, the parties to the Montreal Protocol reached agreement to phase-down hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), a group of substances being widely used in air conditioners, refrigerators, aerosols, foams and other products. The parties agreed to add HFCs to the list of controlled substances, and approved a timeline for their gradual reduction by 80-85 per cent until 2045. By doing so, it will contribute to the realization of the Paris Agreement, which aims to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial level, and create a basis for the legal environment to phase down HFCs.

To date, 126 countries have ratified the Kigali Amendment of the Montreal Protocol. Mongolia’s accession to the Amendment is considered to be an important step towards the introduction of new advanced technologies, increase of the use of environmentally friendly substances and reduction of global warming.

Therefore, with aims to fulfill its obligations before international community and make a significant contribution to reduce global warming, Mongolia has drafted a Bill to ratify the accession to the Kigali Amendment.