World Cancer DaySociety
Ulaanbaatar, February 8, 2023 /MONTSAME/. Cancer is a condition where cells in a specific part of the body grow and reproduce uncontrollably. The cancerous cells can invade and destroy surrounding healthy tissue, including organs. Cancer sometimes begins in one part of the body before spreading to other areas. This process is known as metastasis.
When cancer cells break away from a tumor, they can travel to other areas through either the bloodstream or the lymph system.
Millions of people suffering from cancer in developing countries still lack access to effective prevention, screening, early diagnosis and treatment. Mongolia has a high burden from non-communicable diseases, with cancer now the second leading cause of mortality.
According to the National Registry Data, the most cancer incidents were registered for the age group of 40 and over. Rates are highest for liver cancer, at about four times the world average. The most common cancers are those with a primary site of liver, stomach and esophagus, for which cases fatality rates are high in all populations.
World Cancer Day held every February 4th is the global uniting initiative led by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC).
A cancer can grow into or begin to push on nearby organs, blood vessels, and nerves. This pressure causes some of the signs and symptoms of cancer, such as: fatigue or extreme tiredness that doesn’t get better with rest, weight loss with no known reason, eating problems, trouble swallowing, belly pain, or nausea and vomiting, swelling or lumps anywhere in the body, thickening or lump in the breast or other part of the body, skin changes such as a lump that bleeds or turns scaly, a new mole or a change in a mole, a sore that does not heal, or a yellowish color to the skin or eyes...etc.
The types of treatment will depend on the type of cancer and how advanced it is.
Mongolia focuses on the prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment of all kinds of cancers, and the “Early Detection Program” is also being implemented by the Government of Mongolia aligned with this focus.